This week’s guest blog is by Elle Jackson from Jesuit Social Services where she’s the campaign manager for youth justice.
Our JYP network is a proud supporter of the #WorthaSecondChance campaign which is fixing youth justice in Victoria.
You’re 11 years old. When you grow up, you want to be a firefighter. Your favourite animal is a giraffe and your favourite hobby is basketball. Your brain is still growing and developing but you are learning new things every day, through play, conversation and by making mistakes. You still don’t really understand what is exactly right and what is exactly wrong.
You’ve just started grade five at primary school. You love playing with your friends at lunchtime and your favourite thing to do at school is sport. When you feel scared or upset, your mum or dad comforts you, often by giving you a hug, even if you’re being told off for something.
Now imagine this, the same scenario with some key differences:
You’re meant to be starting grade five but instead you’re in custody at a Youth Justice Centre. You’re in custody with kids older than you that have been there before so you are hearing a lot about the different reasons why other kids are there. You feel scared at night when you are locked in your cell but you practice the alphabet to help you go to sleep.
- To experience the regular use of isolation and lockdowns
- Whilst in isolation, you’ll be denied access to education, fresh air and programs conducive to rehabilitation
- You are likely to have no case plan during your sentence that identifies your goals, particularly around education, and ways to help you achieve these to help you reintegrate into the community
- To received limited, if any, support focused specifically on rehabilitation
The reason you are in custody when you should be at primary school is because in Victoria, the age of criminal responsibility is 10 years old. This is despite extensive research demonstrating that children this age are still in crucial stages of brain development. Research also tells us the younger a child is incarcerated, the more likely they are to live a life involving entrenched offending, often persisting long into adulthood. We also know this overwhelmingly impacts Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children – who are 13 times more likely to be incarcerated than non-Aboriginal children in Victoria.
As a society, we need to recognise that if a child below the age of 14 is coming into contact with the police and getting into trouble, it is a child in crisis. We need to ensure we are providing the highest quality support to these young people, utilising a ‘wrap around’ support model to engage with parents, siblings and specialised services.
We need to see services, such as the Navigator program that works with young people aged 12 to 17 at risk of disengaging from education, have their age for eligibility lowered to the age of 10, as 12 is often too late. We need to intervene early in the lives of children and young people at the first sign that something may be wrong to keep them connected to school and the broader community.
We need to show Victorian children that they are always worth a second chance.
We can do that by raising the age of criminal responsibility from 10 years of age to 14, by lowering the age for eligibility for vital programs such as Navigator from the age of 12 years of age to 10 and by providing high quality, culturally appropriate support to families at risk.
This is why at Jesuit Social Services, we launched the #WorthaSecondChance campaign in July this year. We launched this campaign because Victorian children deserve more. This campaign is dedicated to expanding community understanding of how an evidence based youth justice system will be the safest option for everyone.
We need to remember children at risk of interaction with the justice system want the same things we do from life – take this quote from Harry, a young person who has participated in our campaign, as an example:
As a community, we need to ask ourselves do we want that 11 year old to pursue his dreams to become a firefighter or do we want our system to enable him to graduate to an adult prison? We know what our answer is.
Sign up here to our campaign or contact me at email@example.com to find out how to get involved.
Jesuit Social Services