Schools are part of a system of colonial rule that is not easily overwritten; the education system and teachers must work to understand and challenge structural racism, says Dr Jessica Gannaway, Dr Melitta Hogarth and Dr Sophie Rudolph in this Pursuit article published here.
The pre-covid world…
Back in February, we got together in person with drinks and nibbles to host the launch of the Local Time Design Guide for Victoria.
Dr Sanne Oostermeijer and Matthew Dwyer’s award-winning Local Time Design Guide outlines a new architectural model for youth justice facilities that are ‘small-scale, integrated in the local community, therapeutic and capable of differentiated security’. The Design Guide acts as a starting point for discussions with your local stakeholders, community organisations and government.
We hope that you find it useful as an advocacy tool that shows there are much better alternatives than supermax youth jails located away from community.
Our final in person event for the year was a research workshop in March: The futur
e of Youth Justice: Collaborating for change with lessons from the Netherlands. It was part of the series of events we had planned for 2020 before the pandemic struck.
The workshop took the form of a small symposium involving Government and practitioner partners across the justice and legal sector, who provided important input and gauged appetite for – and canvassed potential barriers to – implementation of small-scale, community-based, therapeutic youth justice facilities in Victoria.
We hope to continue with this work in leading the ongoing conversation and action plan for introducing these kinds of youth justice facilities to Victoria in 2021.
Changing to an online world
Later in March, we found ourselves adapting to the fast changing world of lockdowns, often poor home internet connection, too many Zoom meetings, webinars and ‘ISO check ins’.
Our friends at WorthASecondChance hosted a series of video community check ins, which included conversations with Fleur, Diana Johns (our network co-convenor), and Sanne:
Diana was also part of an online panel discussion with other members of the Australia and New Zealand Society of Criminology’s (ANZSOC) newly formed Thematic Group on Children and Young People in the Criminal Justice System: The myth of the ‘child offender’ – a panel event.
Panelists explored recent examples of ‘the myth of the child offender’ and considered concrete ways to challenge this myth, to deepen our understanding of the complexities it hides, to bring about better outcomes for children.
Our network also co-hosted an online panel event: How can we build culturally safer and relationally stronger schools? The panel, moderated by our network co-convenor Sophie Rudolph, reflected on the challenges and opportunities for building stronger and safer schools to support and value young people.
During the pandemic, we issued a Statement in solidarity with communities affected by police violence and racism. We stood in solidarity with communities in Australia and the United States that have experienced and witnessed violence and racism, resulting in trauma and death.
Our network joined the 350 criminal justice experts to endorse an important open letter to all Australian Attorneys General and Corrections Ministers. It urged their immediate action to reduce the risk of transmission of COVID-19 in Australian prisons and criminal justice systems, noting that this requires information, independent monitoring and release from prison and youth detention centres.
We also joined 40 other organisations as well as justice advocates and academics, to endorse a joint submission to the Senate Select Committee on COVID-19 . Of particular concern was the issue around restrictions being put in place in some youth detention centres in Australia which have meant that children cannot have face to face visits and likely have limited access to face-to-face education other support services:
We continued to be part of the campaign to raise the age of criminal responsibility: Why we support the national call to #RaiseTheAge
Collaborating for better outcomes for young people
Sophie Rudolph Ngaga-dji, a call to action: education justice and youth imprisonment The Australian Educational Researcher (2020).
Sophie also contributed to a special digital edition of Overland, a collection of responses from our partner academics and practitioners across a range of disciplines exploring applications for the findings of the Ngadi-Dji Report:
Sophie Rudolph and Melitta Hogarth Taking history, racism and community seriously in education, Reflections on Ngaga-dji: Listening for Change, Overland, 2020.
More articles from the edition here.
Upcoming research projects in 2021
We are thrilled to announce that Sophie has been awarded Australian Research Council (ARC) funding for a three-year DECRA (Discovery Early Career Research Award) fellowship to explore school discipline and racialised exclusion! Read about her research project here: New research fellowship to address the school to prison pipeline in Victoria
Meanwhile, Diana is part of an interdisciplinary research team – with other network members – that has been awarded seed funding by the Melbourne Social Equity Institute. This team will be developing recommendations for violence prevention programs for justice-involved young women. Participants in the research will include victim-survivors who have been exposed to the criminal justice system, youth advocates and front-line violence prevention and youth support staff.
And Diana’s work with her #UbuntuTeam partners – including community organisations AAFRO and Afri-Aus Care – will continue into 2021 with exciting developments to be announced soon! The team will be presenting at the African Youth Justice Forum to be held in Melbourne on 17 December 2020.
This is a guest blog by Matt Dwyer who recently was awarded a 2020 Churchill Fellowship to document the architectural design of a new youth custodial model.
I’m very excited for the opportunity of a Churchill Fellowship, in which I’ll study the design of small-scale youth custody facilities in New York City, Missouri, New Zealand and England.
These jurisdictions share similarities with our own, yet they offer some examples of small-scale and community integrated custodial facilities that we can learn much from in Australia.
With my research partner and Local Time co-designer, Dr Sanne Oostermeijer, I’ve previously studied custodial designs in the Netherlands, Spain and Norway, and I’ll be looking to compare those approaches with these further jurisdictions.
There is a strong evidence base which informs how youth justice facilities should be designed to improve the outcomes and wellbeing of young people in custody, improve the working conditions of Youth Justice staff, and improve public safety through reducing the risk of reoffending.
Small and community integrated models for youth custody provide opportunities to build and strengthen existing social supports, giving the best chance of avoiding reoffending. These facilities are safer for both young people and staff, and provide an environment where the strengths of young people can be encouraged and developed, while risks can be addressed in a lasting way. They also dramatically improve the working conditions of Youth Justice staff.
It is also important that small-scale facilities provide a model for reducing the overall size of the custodial system. As we invest in preventative approaches and reduce the number of children entering custody, the physical infrastructure must be downsized to reflect this reduction. New York City offers an example of this in its Close to Home project, which I hope to study in detail.
Ultimately, the design of a custodial facility is about encouraging and supporting good relationships between people – between staff and young people inside, and young people and their communities outside. By keeping young people close to home and connected with those people who offer them support and healing, the design of a facility can offer real help. I look forward to learning exactly how this is realised.
Learn more about Local Time and the Design Guide which outlines a scheme for a new architectural model for youth justice facilities in Victoria here.
Our JYP network is thrilled to announce that our network co-convenor Dr Sophie Rudolph, Senior Lecturer, Melbourne Graduate School of Education at the University of Melbourne has been awarded a three year DECRA research fellowship to explore school discipline and racialised exclusion:
Examining the social, historical and political effects of school discipline:
This project aims to examine the history and socio-political context of the school element of the ‘school-to-prison pipeline’ in Victoria through an examination of school discipline. This project expects to build vital knowledge of the relationship between school discipline and racialised school exclusion through historical accounts, policy analysis, interviews and focus group research.
Expected outcomes include new understanding of the social, historical and political effects of school discipline and new possibilities for strengthening school-community relations. This should provide significant benefits, such as improved opportunities for school participation, and enhanced local and international networks to address education equity.
As tweeted last night by our network co-convenor, Dr Diana Johns, Senior Lecturer in Criminology at the University of Melbourne, we congratulate Sophie for the fellowship award and look forward to following her important research over the next three years.
Learn more about Sophie’s research fellowship here and follow our blog for updates on her research.
In October 2018, our Justice Involved Young people network co-hosted a forum called Ngaga-dji, a call to action: education justice and youth… Voices for Justice, Stories for Change.
It showcased an important report by the Koorie Youth Council (KYC): Ngaga-dji (‘hear me’). The report voices the stories of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in Victoria’s youth justice system and through a Call to Action, presents solutions for the injustices experienced.
For our network co-convenor, Dr Sophie Rudolph and Indi Clarke at the KYC, it was a starting point to think about what this report means for educators and how they might listen more deeply and strongly to the voices and the solutions put forward in the report.
Sophie’s recently published article Ngaga-dji, a call to action: education justice and youth imprisonment grows out of the collaboration between our network with the KYC. Her article engages with the Ngaga-dji report to examine how educators and those involved in education might seek to change their practices.